Disability Insurance provides income replacement for loss of earnings due to accident and/or sickness.
Disability Insurance is LOSS OF INCOME replacement. You can purchase accident only, or accident and sickness disability insurance (subject to your occupation). The younger you purchase it, the smaller are the premiums. Income from disability payments is TAX FREE if you are paying the insurance premium from after-tax earnings, but you will pay tax on the disability income if you are paying the premium from before-tax earnings.
Group Disability Insurance:
It provides loss of income replacement for an employee. The amount of coverage is often less than the amount you could purchase with an individual disability plan. You can choose to purchase individual disability coverage to top up the group coverage to the maximum allowed (which is dependent on your income).
Individual Disability Insurance:
Individual disability insurance provides loss of income replacement for any person, employee or self employed. The maximum amount of insurance you can purchase depends on your income. If you are self employed, you need to be showing income.
I'm Stephen Eastwood
Back in 1992 I was not working in the insurance world. I was a self employed computer consultant who enjoyed doing physical jobs around my house and garden. My family was excited at the suggestion of a pool in the back garden.
The first thing needed was to remove some trees. Most of them were no more than 10 feet tall. There was one tree however, that was 60 feet high. Some good quotes for the removal of the trees were obtained. In my wisdom I decided it would be fun to do the job myself so I rented a ladder and a chain saw. The 60 foot tree could not be felled in one go without damaging a neighbors home, so I started to cut the top 30 feet down first. As the top started to fall, it kicked back at me, knocked me off the ladder and I fell 30 feet landing on well packed grass.
It took me a couple of years to become fully recovered. I was back to work within 2 months but I was only able to physically work part time for many months.
Life insurance I had, but not disability insurance which would have provided an income until I was fully recovered. It caused major financial issues in my life which took a number of years to correct.